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The Six Tastes(Rasas) in Ayurveda

Six Tastes(Rasas) in Ayurveda

Since meals communicates with us by style, Ayurveda considers the sense of style as a information to wholesome consuming. By means of this sense of style, we will actually entry the physique’s personal data about vitamin and meals.

The 5 parts that make up the doshas — house, air, fireplace, water and earth — additionally make up style. As well as, Vata, Pitta and Kapha are affected by every taste.

Candy, bitter, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent are the six fundamental tastes (rasas) in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic dietary rules emphasize that each meal ought to ideally include all six of those tastes. By doing this and adjusting the proportions to your particular person structure, you may promote correct vitamin, satiety, and the upkeep of a balanced structure, contributing to total well-being and concord.

Relationship Between Style and Digestion

Style additionally performs an necessary function within the digestive course of.

The very first thing that impresses us about meals when it enters our mouth is its style. In response to Ayurveda, the digestion course of begins as quickly as you set the meals in your mouth

Enzymes discovered within the saliva of the mouth assist convert meals into carbohydrates earlier than it’s swallowed. When the mind acknowledges one of many six tastes, it stimulates the intestines or digestive tract to secrete the enzymes wanted for environment friendly digestion. For a similar motive, we’re continually inspired to eat mindfully and luxuriate in each chunk of our meal.

In response to Ayurveda, each meal ought to include all six flavors. Relying on the Prakriti, Vikriti and season, an acceptable eating regimen comprises the correct quantity of every of the six flavors.

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Your mind will inform your physique to maintain consuming if it thinks you aren’t consuming sufficient totally different sorts of meals. When you eat just one sort of meals, you’ll overeat. You’ll not really feel satiated after the meal as a result of it’s not balanced sufficient.

All physique techniques are introduced into stability when every taste is used individually or collectively in the correct quantity, resulting in happiness and well being for all residing beings.

Let’s take a look at the totally different properties of every taste and the way they have an effect on the doshas.

1. Candy (Madhur)

  • Elemental Structure – Earth and Water
  • Favorable Dosha – Vata, Pitta
  • Aggravating Dosha – Kapha

Sweetness is taken into account essentially the most stabilizing and nourishing of the six tastes. It is called madhura, which implies nice, endearing, pretty, soothing, musical, and candy. Due to its cooling, warming, and oily properties, candy style, which is especially water and earth, is helpful for balancing vata and pitta.

Due to its heavy, fatty, and moist properties, that is the flavour to emphasise in your eating regimen if you’re making an attempt to realize weight. Loved carefully, it promotes longevity, power, and wholesome physiological fluids and tissues. It rejuvenates pores and skin and hair, balances pitta fireplace, and offers life and power to the physique.

The flavour of power is good and comes from quite a lot of naturally occurring sugars. Complicated carbohydrates and sweeteners (carefully) are one of the best sources of sweetness as they’re simpler to digest and have fewer post-digestion uncomfortable side effects.

Candy meals can relieve constipation and decrease dehydration by bettering the physique’s water stability. As well as, sugary meals can soothe mucous membranes, assist hormone regulation, and enhance pores and skin look. Extreme consumption also can have an effect on temper and sluggish digestion. All issues kapha, together with mucus, fats, and plasma tissue, can accumulate with overindulgence in sweets.

Examples of Candy Meals

Candy fruits, starchy greens, grains, wheat items, dairy merchandise, and pure sweeteners like honey and maple syrup are the primary sources of sugar.

Some examples of candy meals are:

  • Wheat (unprocessed), rice 
  • Dairy, Goat Milk, Butter (salted)  
  • Coconut Water
  • Uncooked Honey, Jaggery
  • Dates
  • Pumpkins, Licorice root, Beets, Rhubarb 
  • beans, black gram, inexperienced gram, and lentils
  • Anchovy, Lobster 
  • Candy Potato, Summer season Squash 
  • Beef, Rooster Liver, Duck, Eggs, Lamb   
  • Cashews, Chestnuts  
  • Garlic 
  • Apple (cooked), Banana, Kiwi, Mango, Orange,  Papaya,  Peaches,  Pineapple, Plum, Strawberries
  • Sesame Seeds, Tahini, Tamarind

2. Bitter (Amla)

  • Elemental Structure – Earth and Hearth
  • Favorable Dosha – Vata
  • Aggravating Dosha – Kapha, Pitta

Amla represents one thing bitter, acidic and simply fermented. It could assist with cleaning and digestion as it’s gentle, warming and oily. Amla not solely stimulates salivation and urge for food, but in addition has a balancing impact on acidity on account of its gentle, heat and oily properties.

The bitter style stimulates the mind, ideas and emotions and likewise promotes appreciation, discrimination and a focus span. It could enhance digestion, elimination and the sensation of starvation.

It reduces Vata whereas strengthening Pitta and Kapha.

Thanks to the assist of the digestive course of by acidic meals, your physique can metabolize meals quicker. As well as, acidic meals can stimulate the circulatory system and stimulate the physique.

Additionally they eradicate extra vata, cut back liver congestion, stimulate wholesome bile movement and assist liver perform. The vitamin C content material of bitter fruits is commonly excessive, and they’re typically discovered to be restorative.

Consuming an excessive amount of of it will possibly improve pitta and trigger hyperacidity, so it have to be consumed carefully. Vatas usually have weak digestive fireplace, so amla could be very balanced for them. Kaphas ought to restrict the quantity of acidic meals of their meals, whereas pittas ought to avoid them. A eating regimen that comprises an excessive amount of acid can worsen eczema flare-ups and result in hyperacidity, diarrhea, and extreme thirst.

Examples of Bitter Meals

Natural acids in meals are what give them their bitter taste. It have to be utilized in restrict or in any other case, the physique could shortly develop into aggressive.

Some examples of bitter meals are:

  • Bitter cream, yogurt, vinegar, cottage cheese, feta, buttermilk
  • Uncooked apples, inexperienced mango, pomegranate, cherries
  • Citrus fruits, Grapefruit, lemon, lime, raisins 
  • Tomatoes 
  • Sourdough bread
  • Pickles, tomatoes
  • Butter, cheese, bitter cream, yogurt
  • Alcohol, vinegar, most fermented meals
  • Lemon juice, lime juice, garlic, savory
  • Soy sauce, miso

3.Salty (Lavana)

  • Elemental Structure – Water and Hearth
  • Favorable Dosha – Vata
  • Aggravating Dosha – Kapha, Pitta

Heating, heavy, greasy and hydrophilic are all properties of salty taste. Its grounding and moisturizing properties calm Vata when used mildly, however improve Kapha and Pitta. Ayurveda states that salt is especially fireplace and solely a small quantity of water.

It’s typically used along side different flavors to assist restore fluids. Lavana rasa helps the physique keep heat and aids digestion, much like Amla rasa. The nervous system finds stability and a way of basis within the style of salt.

Salt not solely provides taste to meals, but in addition speeds digestion, aids electrolyte stability, purifies tissues, and promotes the absorption of minerals. It strengthens braveness, self-confidence and spirit.

Then again, an excessive amount of salt consumption results in sodium retention, thickens the blood and constricts blood vessels, which in flip will increase blood strain. It could additionally trigger untimely graying and hair loss, and make us thirsty.

Examples of Salty Meals

The meals’s mineral salts are what give it its style. Some examples of salty meals are:

  • Seaweed, Kelp
  • Pure Mineral salt, rock salt, Black Salt 
  • Celery, black olives 
  • Soy sauce, tamari, miso
  • Anchovy, Mussels, Oyster, Tuna
  • Blue Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, Feta Cheese, Mozzarella Cheese, Parmesan Cheese

4.Pungent/Spicy (Katu)

  • Elemental Structure – Hearth and Air
  • Favorable Dosha – Kapha
  • Aggravating Dosha – Pitta, Vata

A pungent style is robust, acute and shortly enveloping. It causes a slight feeling of heat on the tongue, throat and chest. Spicy meals is the most well liked of all rasas and aggravates pitta and balances kapha.

When spicy flavors are paired with bitter, candy or salty meals, Vata can soak up them successfully. If you eat spicy meals, it’s possible you’ll assume extra shortly and logically, and soak up advanced ideas extra simply.

it improve digestion and absorption, cleanses the mouth and inflames agni when used judiciously. By selling nasal secretion and lowering kapha, it additionally helps clear the sinuses. Circulation is stimulated and physique fats and blockages are dissolved.

As well as, it promotes perspiration, cleanses the interior pathways and purifies the blood and muscle tissues.

Nonetheless, consuming spicy meals could cause discomfort, heartburn and nausea. It would trigger you to be overly biassed.

Examples of Pungent Meals

The meals’ important oils are what give them their taste. There are lots of gentler pungent tastes accessible; it doesn’t essentially point out chilies, as is usually assumed.

Some examples of pungent/spicy meals are:

  • cayenne pepper, chili, black pepper. Paprika, jalapeno peppers 
  • Buckwheat, Spelt
  • Mustard seeds, mustard greens
  • Ginger, onion, garlic
  • Vinegar
  • curry leaves, cinnamon, cumin, cloves, allspice, anise, coriander, marjoram
  • leeks, kohlrabi, radishes, turnips, wasabi
  • uncooked spinach, chives

5.Bitter (Tikta)

  • Elemental Structure – Air and Ether
  • Favorable Dosha – Pitta, Kapha
  • Aggravating Dosha – Vata

The dry, gentle qualities of the bitter style ignite the digestive fireplace and have a digestive impact. Of all of the tastes, it’s thought of the best and lightest, making it good for Pitta and Kapha and least useful for Vata.

As a result of the bitter style eliminates fats and impurities, it has a profound cleaning impact on the physique. It enhances all different tastes, quenches thirst, will increase urge for food and cleanses the gastrointestinal tract.

It helps to take away extra moisture from the physique, cut back warmth, detoxify and strengthen the liver, and purify the blood. It additionally tones the pores and skin and muscle tissues and relieves sporadic pores and skin ache.

Bitter meals rid the physique of zeal and seductive emotions, thus additionally serving to to purify the thoughts.

This isn’t a definite style, however an impact that’s brazenly acknowledged. Normally folks would not have the need to eat a lot of it due to the style.

Overeating could cause gasoline to construct up within the digestive tract. As well as, it will possibly result in an abnormally excessive degree of chilly in addition to discomfort, dizziness and disorientation. It’s because the ether factor of bitter style creates house by eradicating extra fluid.

The dryness could cause the tongue to look excessively dry and the tissues to really feel exhausted

Examples of Pungent Meals

Alkaloids or glycosides within the meals are what give it its bitter taste. Some good examples of bitter meals are:

  • Cumin, dill, fenugreek, saffron, turmeric
  • Aloe vera, Neem
  • Bitter melon, burdock root, 
  • Zucchini, Bitter gourd, 
  • Leafy greens like kale, collards, dandelion greens, spinach, salad leaves
  • Inexperienced cabbage, sprouts, parsley 
  • Eggplant, Jerusalem artichokes
  • Sesame seeds, sesame oil, espresso, darkish chocolate

6.Astringent (Kashaya)

  • Elemental Structure – Air and Earth
  • Favorable Dosha – Pitta, Kapha
  • Aggravating Dosha – Vata

The character of Kashaya is heavy, drying and cooling. Vata is elevated whereas pitta and kapha are decreased. The tonic properties of the astringent style make it a wonderful treatment for diarrhea and promote absorption.

It causes the mouth to really feel chalky or dry and wrinkled.

The coldness of the astringent taste could be very helpful for Pitta, whereas the dry, gentle properties of this taste stability Kapha.

It has a decongestant impact and helps correct nutrient absorption. Its anti-inflammatory properties assist wound therapeutic and soothe the abdomen. It promotes clotting, which stops bleeding, and helps heal ulcers.

The astringent taste helps take away additional moisture, cleanse mucous membranes and take away grease. The binding nature of astringent taste compresses and holds tissues collectively, selling cohesion of the physique. Astringent taste is a really efficient instrument to advertise the formation and removing of bodily secretions reminiscent of sweat, feces and urine.

When eaten in extra, it would result in constipation. As well as, it might result in aches within the muscle tissues and joints, poor circulation, blood and lymphatic congestion, sleep issues, emotional heaviness, and anxiousness.

Vata-dominant people ought to devour the astringent style carefully as it might result in gasoline formation.

Examples of Astringent Meals

Meals tannins are the supply of taste. Although we don’t require a lot of this taste, we received’t be content material with out it. A number of ayurvedic herbs have a bitter style as a result of they both immediately or not directly assist digestion.

Examples of some astringent meals are as follows:

  • Unripe bananas, pomegranates, apples, Cranberries, pears, figs  
  • Chickpeas, inexperienced beans, peas
  • Okra 
  • Alfalfa sprouts, avocado 
  • broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, lettuce
  • Carrots (uncooked), cauliflower, 
  • Potatoes
  • Asparagus, turnip
  • Uncooked greens 
  • Basil, bay leaf, caraway, coriander
  • Rye, buckwheat 
  • Dill, fennel, marjoram, nutmeg 
  • Oregano, parsley, rosemary 
  • Poppy seeds
  • Saffron, turmeric, vanilla


In response to standard dietary pondering, all important vitamins are lined by the 6 flavors. The physique naturally prefers flavors which might be in concord with the doshas it was born with and rejects flavors that worsen it. We’re guided to the suitable meals if we merely observe our instincts.

Rafael Gomes de Azevedo
Rafael Gomes de Azevedohttps://mastereview.com
He started his career as a columnist, contributing to the staff of a local blog. His articles with amusing views on everyday situations in the news soon became one of the main features of the current editions of the blog. For the divergences of thought about which direction the blog would follow. He left and founded three other great journalistic blogs, mastereview.com, thendmidia.com and Rockdepeche.com. With a certain passion for writing, holder of a versatile talent, in addition to coordinating, directing, he writes fantastic scripts quickly, he likes to say that he writes for a select group of enthusiasts in love with serious and true writing.


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